ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is prevalent in children from age 6 according to a Europen study conducted in 2008 on “Impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on the patient and family. Children with ADHD often face difficulties in school, social interactions, and experience emotional disturbances. Families with children facing ADHD go through numerous challenges, such as strained relationships and lower job efficiency. They require additional learning needs to help them adjust with their peers.
However, doubts and stress can be set aside by following the effective strategies suited for children having ADHD.
Incorporate visual crops
Visual cues and explanations work well for children with ADHD. Demonstrate an ability or skill like essay writing. For example, using an overhead projector or a whiteboard. Leave key points about a subject visible on the board when the children begin their independent work.
In the room, post essential concepts that the children can use again. Use things that grab visual aesthetics that encourage attention. So unleash your creativity in using colourful chalks, pictorial representations on a brightly colored poster board, paint, and other creative outlets.
Give options to choose from
When given options for completing an activity, children with ADHD perform more effectively, are more obedient, and show more enthusiasm. Create fun exercises that entail many options like a list of 15 different activities for practicing spelling words, such as writing words on flashcards, using them in a sentence, etc.
The more options to choose from, the merrier are the children who get to select their preferred choices. Do not assign too difficult of a workload or lengthy homework that make the fun part of the activity become redundant.
Promote participation in class
Paired learning is extremely beneficial for children with ADHD. For maximum comprehension, have students work on an issue in a group and address it. Asking students to write their responses on dry-erase whiteboards and present them to the teacher, having students take questions in unison (choral response), and having students give a thumbs up or down if the answer is yes or no — or a level palm if they don't know the answer are all examples of group strategies.
Encourage a hands-on approach
Create opportunities for children to learn through hands-on experiences. When researching the human body, ask students to write and perform a play, film an assignment on videotape, or disassemble and reassemble a model of a miniature eyeball. A hands-on approach mimics a channel for additional learning needs to be supported in the classroom. When children are moving their hands, their concentration will be held on the task at hand.
Provide room for errors and movement. Introduce them to various levels of physical activity, such as running errands, wiping the blackboard, driving water, or using the restroom. If this isn't possible, allow them to play quietly with small items held in their desks, such as a soft squeeze ball.
Create a wholesome learning environment
When they enter the classroom or when you call on them in class, greet them by their name. Create a bulletin board for students to display their academic and extracurricular interests, photos, artwork, and/or achievements. Children with ADHD react best to immediate input.
Use phrases like "You are doing a fantastic job”. Say anything like, "Let's talk this over" or "Does that sound right to you?" if a student's response is wrong. A positive, wholesome environment will let the child come out of their shells and make them comfortable enough to meddle in learning projects.
There is a wealth of knowledge available, but teachers and caregivers often spend hours searching various places and outlets for suitable strategies and it can be frustrating trying to figure out which strategies may be useful for a particular child's needs.
Seamless is one platform that ensures each child has their additional learning needs fulfilled with no compromise made. Their effective and well-tailored strategies help primary school aged children with ADHD to excel in the classroom.