Almost every woman wants to have a fur coat in her locker room, which is even better than an evening dress. Women wear them for the holidays; a lot of money is saving up for buying them. Someone just dreams of fur for luxury. However, there are a few of those who are concerned about the way a coat is made. Before a fur coat becomes a luxury, millions of animals die in terrible pain.The reasons why animal fur should be banned
In order to get one coat, one needs to kill 100-500 squirrels; 100-200 chinchillas; about 140 ermines; 40-90 sables; 60 martens; 50 ferrets or minks; about 30 possums, cats, beavers, foxes, otters, raccoons, muskrats, rabbits or skunks; 20 dogs, 15 lynxes or foxes; 12 badgers; 10 seals; 5 wolves. It is easy to calculate how many animals one need to kill in order to clothe ten women.
Carriers of coats know the true price for coats, they feel sorry for animals, but they cannot forgo the expensive pleasure. After all, the deal is not only in the amount of animals killed, but in the form of their death. Animals are dying in agony, blood, pain and suffering. One of the most valuable types of fur - karakul – is difficult to procure. Karakul is a fur of baby lambs of two or three days of age. Especially valuable is broadtail fur. Embryos of pregnant sheep are used to produce it. Sheep’s stomach is cut firstly, then the fetus is extracted, and the luxury is made already of this fetus (Jenkins 2010).
The maintenance of such animals is terrifying. They are kept on farms in a hanging cage in order to faeces fell to the ground. These animals spend all their lives in the stench and stuffiness. Sizes of the cages are also too scary. In order to save space, temporary housing is made maximally small. One cage is a structure of iron rods; it does not exceed half a meter in length. At least two animals are containing in such cages. Tightness and limitation of movement are added to an unbearable smell, since an animal cannot move there. Iron rods cut gentle and sensitive paws of animals.
There are many ways to kill animals: mortification with current and poison; breaking of a neck; puncturing the skull; and “simply” beating with sticks. For example, current is applied to kill the fox. There are two wires: one is inserted into the mouth, and the other - into the rectum. Thus, the charge passes through the entire body of an animal. Another way to kill is injection that causes cardiac arrest. Before dying, an animal suffers 20 minutes. Mass poisoning is also used. The most common way is to kill an animal by puncturing the skull with a stick, or just beat it to death.
In fact, almost all of the animals, of which a belt or shoes will be made, are suffering from standing in the stall, hallmarking, castration without anaesthesia, tail docking, and dehorning, cruel treatment during transportation to the slaughterhouse and slaughtering.
A large number of leather is manufactured in India, where leather industry is currently thriving and, perhaps, is the cruellest in the world. Many Indian animals, which are used to prepare the leather, are so ill at the time of arrival to the slaughterhouse so that they have to be dragged inward. Tobacco and red hot peppers are rubbed into animals eyes in order to make them up; one breaks and bends a tail painfully with the same purpose. Then the throat is cut. The skin is removed of some animals while they are still alive; sometimes legs of not yet dead animals are chopped off.Why the fur industry is cruel and bad for the environment
The fur industry is also dangerous for environment. As with any other industrial cultivation of animals, fur farming generates huge quantities of waste products, and all of this is concentrated in a small area. According to ecologist Mauro Leyva, in Finland, where there are 65% of all captive breeding foxes, the amount of waste produced by the fur-bearing animals equals the number of metabolic products of a million people.
Animal physiological waste contains many phosphorus and nitrogen. Rain washes the waste into rivers and other bodies of water. Sometimes it seeps into the soil, sometimes even pollutes groundwater.
Food remnants in physiological waste lead to excessive growth of algae, which drastically reduces the amount of oxygen in the water. This can cause the death of sensitive species and make the water unsuitable for humans. The Finnish town Kaustinen had to stop the flow of water and change its direction, so much it was contaminated with the waste from fur farms.
There is a sharp decrease in the number of predators when catching animals with traps. This leads to a sharp increase in the number of rodents. A year later, the number of predators usually becomes the same. However, animals on which they feed are more than usual at this time. For this reason, life of predators becomes easier; they have fewer difficulties when searching for food. In fact, if animals are less stressed, it means that they will quickly multiply. This fact refutes the statements of furriers that animals catching with traps help to prevent overpopulation.Alternatives to animal clothing
Natural fur, as well as leather and wool, are not a necessity. They could be easily replaced by many materials. One can choose the acrylic and cotton sweaters and sweatshirts from a mixture of cotton and polyester, and various things from fleece.
Fleece is twice warmer than natural wool, and thus removes moisture much better, which is why it is so popular in the manufacture of sports and tourist clothes. It is a synthetic woven material for warm clothing, made from polyethylene terephthalate fibers. Basic properties of fleece: low specific weight, good breathability, flexibility, requires no special care, dries quickly, medium mechanical strength and durability; retains insulating properties even in the sodden state (which cannot be said about natural fur and wool).
As an alternative to fur, there are such membrane fabrics: Gore-tex, Ghydrotex, Osmosis, No-Wet, Texa-Por, Tres-Tex, Sympatex, Trin1tech, Triplepoint and other. Membrane is a special waterproof layer applied to the fabric by method of lamination or impregnation (it is produced by hot method according to a special technology). The principle of operation of the membrane arises from its chemical composition. In fact, it is a thin film, pores of which are much smaller than water droplets. Thus, water cannot seep through them. Again, neither natural fur nor wool has the same properties.
There is also a Thinsulate - ultralight synthetic insulation of a new generation, which is composed of ultrafine fibers, which perfectly trappings air molecules and preserves body heat. Thinsulate insulation has very high insulating properties at the insensible weight; it is very soft to the touch and resistant to compression. Thinsulate is an old material; it was invented more than 20 years ago. Later, there were materials Quallowfill, Hollofil, and Polarguard.
As for leather, high quality leather substitutes are not inferior in quality to natural leather. Shoes made of artificial leather or textiles with artificial fur or other synthetic insulations will warm in winter frost as well as their natural progenitors. It will be important to know for people who care about the environment that the production of artificial leather helps to recycle such waste as rubber and plastic. In this regard, this technology can be characterized as green production. In the United States, Canada and most European countries, such products have been recognized as environmentally friendly, and its producers often have a wide range of benefits.Clothing brands that don't use animals
Famous fashion brands and stores said not to use of fur in their collections. This is: J. Crew, Marc Bouwer, H & M , Guess , Polo Ralph Lauren , TopShop , Ralph Lauren , Helly Hansen , Levi's , Lacoste , Mexx, Esprit , Nike, Gant, Farah, the GAP, Timberland, Umbro, Trovata, Killah, Tibi, Suede, Goody’s, C & A, Peek & Cloppenburg, Kleider Bauer, Burton, American Apparel, Adolfo Dominguez, Clerys Department Store. These brands and stores consider that the abandonment of natural materials in favour of environmentally friendly synthetic analogues is reasonable and correct.
Many proponents of natural fur argue that a man has always used skins and fur animals by its own nature. Thanks to them, man got warm every winter. This is really the case. However, in modern times, fur has lost its practical function and is a measure of success and wealth of a person who wears it. Of course, the main buyer of fur and leather are women, so the fur business continues to thrive. Women also love to follow fashion - a year has passed, a coat is outdated and thrown away or sent to a storage room, and a new one is bought instead of it, taking the lives of 30 to even 100 animals.
For some reason, many people are highly surprised when they hear about another hard murder, rape or maniac killing children. People exclaim: “How can that be?” However, there is nothing to be surprised. Bloodlust and hatred are in human blood, and not single religious doctrines will eradicate this fact. However, it might be possible to raise humanity and aversion to violence in a person.
About the Author: Ella Deker is a blogger and professional writer who currently works on ratewritingservices.com. Ella holds an MA in Education. Her lifestyle credo is “The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn …and change.”