Do you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes? How often should you get your eyes checked? Learn more in this guide to getting a diabetic eye exam.
Are you a diabetic in need of the best eye care you can get? Have you exhausted your options looking for the right physician?
Diabetic retinopathy affects over 285 million people worldwide. In other words, diabetes causes more instances of blindness than any other disorder. That said, it's important that you start learning about the best ways to get tested for an existing eye condition.
This guide to a diabetic eye exam will help you find the right doctor and the right test for better vision. Keep reading for the answers you've been waiting for.
The Basics of A Diabetic Eye Exam
Diabetes can target blood vessels in the retina, causing longterm damage to vision and eye health. Moreover, conditions like Glaucoma are more likely to incur in diabetic patients. Glaucoma works similarly to conditions like diabetic retinopathy, through a build-up of pressure in the eyeball.
Before you start searching for types of eye doctors, it's key that you have a clear idea of your symptoms and personal history. You can simply list the symptoms you're having on a document, that way you can provide strong details to your physician about the help you need. If this is out of your way, there are a number of free eye exams for diabetics that can get you a priority solution.
Who to Expect
Eye care specialists come in different varieties, spanning from those that focus on the retina, and others that work under a general field of eye health. For example, an optometrist prescribes both glasses and also provides treatments for certain eye disorders and diseases.
An ophthalmologist treats a superset of eye diseases, including those pertaining to diabetics. Depending on your diagnosis (if you receive on) you're likely to visit an ophthalmologist to help assess and attend to your situation.
The two doctors listed above diagnose and treat eye disorders, but neither specialize in getting you the right lenses and glasses if you do have an eye disease resulting from diabetes. In which case, an optician is a person you'll see for finding the right pair of glasses for you.
There are also more obscure doctors that serve as retinal specialists. These medical professionals deal directly with the retina and could be your doctor providing you have a condition like diabetic retinopathy.
What to Expect
Different doctors abide by different procedures, though you're likely to undergo a dilated retinal exam or tonometry. Both of these exams assess the pressure in your retinal blood vessels and the overall pressure in your eye.
Here's what to expect.
For a dilated eye exam, you'll be given a chart at a distance to measure your overall vision. You've seen these if you've ever been to a simple check-up, as there will be a chart with letters ranging from quite small to noticeably large.
Following this, your doctor will give you special eye-drops for dilating your pupil. The pupil acts as a gateway to the rest of the eye, and specifically the health of your retina. Your doctor is looking for any damage to your retina, optic nerve, or wherever else nerves and vessels cluster.
This simple procedure is entirely painless and is often followed by a documentation portion of the exam. During this period, your doctor may take pictures of your eye and cornea for future cataloging. By doing this, your doctor can keep a history of your eye-health over the years.
Tonometry and Perimetry
As previously stated, glaucoma is sometimes a condition stemming from diabetes. When a doctor is testing for glaucoma (tonometry) they begin by numbing the eye, then proceed to measure the pressure of your eye. Once again, this procedure is both painless and effective at determining the state of your eye.
Conversely, perimetry is spent measuring your vision through external testing. A doctors job is to make out a total map of what you can and cannot see. This is performed by a doctor using a small light to track your vision and blind spots.
How You Can Take Care of Your Eye Health
The best way you can take care of your eye health is to treat your diabetes and maintain an annual eye exam. In short, you can think of regular examinations as a healthy form of maintenance for your vision. As the year's pass, eat foods that boost your vision, manage your insulin levels, and report to your doctor often as needed.
Additionally, you can add an exercise routine to your week. Exercise has suggested reducing the pressure in the veins and vessels in your body. You can also pair regular exercise with improved sleep to keep your eyes healthy.
See Your Way to A Better Future
Do you want to improve your vision and start living a better life? If so, it's time you get a diabetic eye exam that can help you boost your eye health.
After reading this article, you've learned about the basics of eye examination and the physicians behind the practice. Moreover, all of the steps listed above can reassure you, as none are painful or more than slightly invasive.
What do you say? Don't you think it's time to improve your health? Your next step to action is finding a free or low-cost examination that gives you clear answers about the state of your eyes.
It's time to look down the road and see a positive message. Do more research and find a physician you can trust today!