Mosquito bites are more than just an itchy nuisance -- these days, they can also be downright dangerous. That’s true even if you never leave home, because you don’t need to travel abroad to catch a mosquito-borne illness; mosquitoes in our area can transmit many different viruses. The time to start practicing insect-bite prevention is now, says Sunil Sood, MD, an infectious disease specialist at Southside Hospital and Cohen Children’s Medical Center. In New York, mosquitoes can be active as early as April.

The risk best known to most people is that of West Nile Virus. Generally, people who get West Nile have mild or no symptoms, but a small percentage of people can develop serious neurologic illness. Another dangerous virus, called eastern equine encephalitis, can also be carried by mosquitoes in our area. “It’s uncommon, but every few years we see a few cases, including in children,” says Sood. And of course there’s also the elephant in the room – the Zika virus, which has recently been linked with birth defects. The mosquitoes that can carry Zika and other tropical viruses are already present in the U.S.; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has not ruled out the possibility of domestic spread of Zika this summer.

“For most of these viruses, there is no vaccine and no specific treatment,” says Sood. “But by following a few easy preventive measures, you can avoid many different infections.” Here are his top tips for keeping mosquitoes away, whether you’re traveling or spending time in your own backyard.

Use the right bug spray

The best way to avoid mosquito bites is to use an FDA-approved insect repellant that contains one of the following ingredients: DEET (30-50%), picaridin, IR3535 or oil of lemon eucalyptus (also known as para-menthane-diol or PMD). “These products are proven safe and they are very effective at preventing bites,” says Sood, adding they can be used on babies as young as two months. You can also treat your clothing, camping gear, or sports equipment with permethrin, or buy apparel pre-treated with it. Just don’t wait until you feel yourself being bitten to take action. “Carry repellant with you and use it diligently,” he says -- day, evening and night.

Get rid of standing water

“Mosquitoes can breed in any body of water, even in something as small as a bottle cap,” says Sood, so dump and remove any items that collect water. Got a bird bath? “If the birds are visiting regularly and splashing around, that’s fine. But if it’s just sitting there untouched, it could be a risk.”

Keep doors and window screens closed

You’re probably not wearing bug spray indoors, so keep your home a mosquito-free zone by making sure window screens are intact and doors stay closed when they’re not in use.

Don’t rely on candles, coils, or lawn treatments

Items you can buy for your yard -- like citronella candles or coils -- are mildly effective at keeping bugs away, “but they should be secondary precautions,” says Sood. “You can use them while you’re sitting outside, but only after you’ve sprayed yourself.” He also doesn’t recommend spraying lawn chemicals to keep mosquitoes away. Not only can they be expensive, they may pose health risks to pets and people.

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Identify risk and protectyour businessby better understanding the companies you work with. Detailed risk analysisbased on financial performance, Companies Housedata and negative events. Includes free updates and documentaccess.

Company Type

Private limited with ShareCapital

Company Status

Active - Accounts Filed

Company Type

Private limited with ShareCapital

Incorporated On

18 November 2002

Nature of business (SIC)

5540 Bars -


Available to 31 Mar 2014.Next accounts due by 31 Dec 2015

Annual Return

Available to 18 Nov 2015.



Scoringscheme for more complex vendor RFP responses and comments

Despite requesting a particularformat of response to your RFP, you may well receive a wide variety ofresponses and comments from vendors. Scoring these can be complicated,especially if there is no standard format. The ideal solution would be tospecify and receive standard format responses. The next best - is to create ascoring scheme that categorizes the responses / comments into variouscategories that are useful to you. Then convert the vendor’s RFP responses intocategories and associate eachwith a numerical score. The example below illustrates the potential solution.

The problem - a typically widevariety of vendor RFP response comments.

The functionality requirement Xis achieved by:

·        Standard software AA version 1103

·        Standard software AA v1103, via tailoring screenconfiguration and report configuration

·        Using windows capabilities

·        Using / integrating with software BB

·        This could be achieved subject to a fullspecification, however, it is believed that CC tools may be utilized /interfaced to fulfill the requirement

·        Standard software AA version 1104, when released

·        Standard software AA will be offering thisfeature in a future release

·        A future release, further discussions arerequired

·        Standard software AA could offer thisfunctionality, subject to a full specification, if customer is prepared to partsponsor this

·        Possible modifications required, pending furtherdiscussions

·        Modifications required subject to a fullspecification

The solution – is to either separately categorize theresponses/comments and then score these, or combine the categorization andscoring eg by creating a table of RFP Response Categories and Associated Scores(with categories / scores that are useful to you), and then convert the vendorRFP responses/comments into a score.

On previous pages we havesuggested a simple scoring range from 0 to 3 eg 0 = not met, 1 = partly met, 2= fully met, 3 = exceeded expectations. But as the responses / comments aremore complicated, you could use a wider scoring range say from 0 to 10 (with 10the best, 0 the worst)



Intercountry adoptions are very complexbecause they must follow laws set out by:

· provincial and territorial governments

· the Government of Canada, and

· the country of adoption.

We make sure that immigration orcitizenship requirementshave been met before granting permanent status to an adoptive child. For moreinformation on the process, read about CIC’s role

Be cautious– adopting a child from overseas can be complicated

Sometimes, prospective parents try tospeed up the process by taking matters into their own hands. Although the vastmajority of adoptions progress smoothly, adoptive parents should use cautionthroughout the process.

You should contact the government ofthe province or territory you live in to obtain the most up-to-date informationabout the adoption process, and to ensure that the adoption meets all theirrequirements.

To avoid unnecessary expense anddisappointment, adoptive parents should not plan to return to Canada with theadopted child until they know for certain that all immigration or citizenshiprequirements have been met.

Don’t letthis happen to you

The following stories are based on real experiences of intercountryadoptions. They are meant to demonstrate some of the problems that can arise inthe process. These types of situations may be avoided by contacting yourprovince or territory of residence to obtain the most up-to-date informationabout the adoption process.


The families described are not real. The names arefictitious and the stories may combine details from several adoption cases.

Pierre andMaria’s story

Like many couples who decide to adopt,Pierre and Maria had been trying to conceive for several years.

They began the process of adopting achild overseas and were told they could be matched with a child in two years.But Pierre and Maria did not want to wait any longer to have a child, as theyhad already experienced such a long, frustrating and emotional journey.

A friend who worked in a hospitaloverseas told them about a baby who was abandoned by his mother and offered tohelp the couple adopt him. She assured Pierre and Maria that she had manycontacts in the local government and could help them with the paperwork.

Pierre and Maria decided to bring theabandoned child to Canada in order to adopt him in their province. Over thenext several months, they received pictures of the baby, furnished his room,and bought him clothing and toys. Pierre filled out many forms, including theCIC forms to sponsor the child for permanent residence in Canada, and hisfriend helped with the paperwork on the child’s end.

Once they thought all of the paperworkwas in order, Pierre and Maria scheduled the next flight to the country wherethe baby was. The long-awaited moment to meet the boy had arrived, and theirdream of having a family was about to come true.

Meanwhile at the local Canadian visaoffice, Janine, a visa officer had been working on the couple’s adoption file.Although Pierre and Maria had submitted what they thought was the necessarydocuments, Janine had serious concerns about the child’s history.

When Pierre and Maria arrived at thevisa office with the child in tow, expecting to get a visa within days, Janinehad to inform the couple of the visa refusal. She explained that without theproper documents, there was no way of proving that the child was legallyavailable for adoption. She had no choice but to deny their application.

Stunned, disappointed and angry, Pierreand Maria returned home childless.

Stefan andNicole’s story

Stefan and Nicole had been researchingadoption agencies online for several months before selecting one that promisedquick and efficient intercountry adoptions. Unbeknownst to Stefan and Nicole,many cases handled by their chosen agency were under investigation.

Stefan and Nicole eagerly proceededwith the adoption process and provided the agency with the necessary documents.Soon after, the agency informed the couple that they had been matched with alittle girl. The agency mailed pictures to Stefan and Nicole, who were ecstaticto share their good news with family and friends. A few months later theyreceived an update from the agency on the status of the adoption and theybooked the next flight to meet the little girl and pick up her visa.

Upon arrival, Stefan and Nicole couldnot wait to meet the little girl and bring her back home with them to Canada.They arrived at the Canadian visa office, expecting to receive a valid visa forthe child. The couple was completely shocked when the visa officer told themthat the visa had not been approved.

The officer explained that the adoptionfile had been poorly prepared, the documents submitted were poorly translatedand there were gaps in the information provided, which caused concern as to thecircumstances surrounding the legality of the adoption. Devastated by thisnews, Stefan and Nicole were informed that they would have to re-submit certaindocuments through the host country’s judicial or adoption system. They werealso informed that the process could take another few months. The officer wouldalso need to investigate.

In order to avoid furtherdisappointment and expense, the visa officer suggested that Stefan and Nicolewait to hear news from the visa office that all requirements were met beforereturning for the visa.

After months of having waited for theirlittle girl, Stefan and Nicole returned to Canada without her.

Seven months later, Stefan and Nicolereceived the news they had been waiting for. Their little girl’s visa wasready. They booked the next flight and were finally able to meet her. From thatpoint the process went smoothly, and a week later Stefan and Nicole were backin Canada with their new daughter.

Elena andBrian’s story

Elena and Brian had been keen onadopting a child from within their province. They had started the preliminarywork for the application process when they came across an adoption agencyspecializing in intercountry adoptions, which promised faster adoption times.Hopeful and eager to start their family, Elena and Brian turned to intercountryadoption.

The agency soon matched Elena and Brianwith a two-year-old girl and assured them a quick and simple process. They weretold that they could expect to bring the little girl home in less than sixmonths. Excited by this news, Elena and Brian spent the next months completingthe necessary home study, gathering the required documents, finalizing thefinancial commitments, and getting their house ready in time for the child’sarrival.

A week before the flight to go meet thechild, Elena and Brian contacted the Canadian visa office to ensure the paperwork was complete. They were then told that the file was not ready and that itwas under investigation.

The visa office told them that therewere concerns with the accuracy of the information provided on the birthcertificate as well as serious concerns about how the child had come to beavailable for adoption, and that they were looking into the possibility ofchild trafficking. The visa office explained that in cases of potential childtrafficking, additional verifications must be done to ensure the best interestsof the child are respected.

Under the impression that the child hadbeen abandoned as an infant, Elena and Brian were shocked by the news that thismay not be the case. They later found out that many other adoptions from thatparticular country were also being held up or suspended because of fraud and childtrafficking concerns.

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