Do you sometimes feel a throbbing sensation and a pulsating pain on one side of your head? Does that pain disable you from doing your daily activities? Then, there is a high chance that your pain is not just a simple tension type headache or sinus headache, but migraine. Migraine headache is one of the most debilitating pain that one would ever suffer from. This pain, at times, can become so difficult to cope with that one loses his ability to think.

Why does migraine occur?

Before you delve deep into all causes and impacts of this headache type, it is a must that you know about migraine headache a little. In simple terms, migraines occur when there is a change in the brain chemical levels. As the trigeminal nerves interact with the brain stem, they produce chemicals that are called neuropeptides. It is these neuropeptides that lead to the pain sensation, as they travel across the outer covering of the brain, known as meninges. What is important about this is that the chemical Serotonin, which regulates or reduces this pain in your brain or head, significantly drops in levels. Hence, the pain sensation is extreme.

Triggers of migraine:

Now that the mechanism of the migraine headaches is known, it needs to be stated that the exact cause of migraine is not clearly known. However, there are a few factors that act as triggers, contributing in the migraine attacks. These include –

  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Foods like aged cheese, salty and processed foods, packaged and processed meat
  • Alcohol and other caffeinated drinks
  • Food additives like MSG
  • Barometric pressure
  • Stress
  • Medication
  • Strong smell, loud sound and bright light.

Though these are the most common migraine triggers, these may vary from person to person. However, since knowing the trigger may help in preventing the migraine attack, it is must that you keep a track of your triggers. A migraine diary can help a lot in noting these triggers.

Symptoms of migraine headaches:

Knowing about the symptoms of migraine headache is quite helpful for those, who do not have a clear idea of their headache types. Though the symptoms differ in different stages of this pain, the most common signs are –

  • Throbbing and pulsating pain in one side of the head
  • Bilateral pain in case of children
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light, sound and smell
  • Blurred vision

Many migraine sufferers also encounter constipation, food cravings and mood swings along with these symptoms. Once the attack subsides, there will be dizziness, confusion and weakness due to the extreme exhaustion of the attack. What is most significant about the symptoms of migraine headaches is the aura.

Auras are sensory, motor and verbal disturbances that are found in some, but not all migraine sufferers. These cause temporary loss of vision, seeing spots of light, flashes of light, zigzag lines or blind spots in front of eyes. Even movement of arms and legs may be temporarily affected. Some may also feel difficulty in speaking. The auras last for 20 to 60 minutes before the attack. But the attack may last for 4 to 72 hours. It cannot be predetermined. But, seeing a doctor without delay will make sure that migraine headaches are minimized and prevented well.



Are you having a headache? Is it disrupting your daily activities? Well, you are not the only one on earth. Headache is one of the most unbearable condition that one may suffer from, but it is also one of the most neglected as well. Often, the particular type of headache that you are suffering from is not identified properly and this delays the treatment. That is the reason, why you need to know about different types of headaches.

Types of headache

Tension type headache:

Probably the most common headache type that every person must have experienced at least for once in their lifetime is this tension type headache. As its name suggests, this occurs when you have serious tension in life or if you are burdened with something.

This pain is felt at the back of your head, neck and on your temples. You will feel a constant pressure and pain in your head. Usually, this pain is not too debilitating and it doesn’t disrupt your daily activities. As the tension reduces, this pain too subsides on its own.

Sinus headache:

One of the common types of headache is sinus headache. This pain occurs when there is an infection in the sinus and it is inflamed. Along with a headache, you will also experience fever. With antibiotics, this infection and inflammation can be reduced.

Migraine headaches:

This is the most debilitating headaches of all. It often runs in the families, but cannot be determined what actually causes these types of headaches. Even its frequency of occurrence cannot be pre-determined. Some may have it few times in a year; some may get migraine attacks a number of times in a month. Migraine pains may last for 4 to 72 hours and impart a throbbing or pulsating pain usually in one side of the head. Often identifying migraine headaches can be difficult. Seeing a doctor is a wise decision. If you think that your headache type is migraine, you can find a doctor here

Cluster headaches:

Migraine and cluster headaches are two types of headaches that are often mistaken for each other. This is because both are extremely debilitating pains that are usually congested in one side of the head. But, what makes the cluster headache different from migraine is that it has symptoms like watery eyes or runny nose. It is a genetic condition and can be extremely uncomfortable.

Rebound headaches:

When you take too much of painkillers to fight with your headaches, you may get these headaches. According to a theory, overuse of over-the-counter painkillers can trigger more pain by shifting brain into an excited state.

Hence, to prevent such types of headaches, it is a must that you see a doctor, instead of trying different medicines on your own. The doctor will be able to identify the exact headache type and also prescribe the proper treatment method. You will get to know about the preventive measures for these headaches so that their occurrence is minimized.