Areyou familiar with Nicolas Andry? Arthroscopy? Or Prosthesis? Perhaps most ofyou aren’t. Those are some of the basic terms in orthopedics, and if you’regoing to finish this article, you’ll be able to obtain a bountiful of knowledgeabout this particular field of medicine.
Let’sbegin with Nicolas Andry. He played a major role in the early history oforthopedics. He was the first one to introduce the word ‘orthopedia’ in 1741,in his book Orthopaedia, or the art of preventing and correcting deformities inchildren. The terminology Nicolas used were derived from two Greek words; orthos,meaning straight and pais, meaning child.
Greatdevelopments were seen in this specific branch of medicine and after a long periodof time, orthopedics is not only about children.
Orthopedicsfocuses on the diseases and injuries of the bones or muscles. If a bone isbroken, it would develop new growth in order to correctthe fracture and fill in any areas from which bone is removed, since bone is aliving and functioning part of the body.
Forthat reason, a bone that’s deformed from birth can be operated, cut, braced, ortreated to generate a normal form. If a broken bone is held in alignment, itwill heal without any physical deformity.
Evenin the prehistoric ages, humans have had to deal with broken or deformed bones.It’s evident in the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics that people wrapped and braceda limb in order to heal normally.
Warsare common during those times and it happened on a much larger scale. The soldiersalso used more competent weapons. This result in fractures and other boneinjuries to become more prevalent.
Interestingly,advances in orthopedics made a great uproar in the field of medicine as surgeonsshortly invented simple prosthesis to replace limbs that were amputated becauseof a grave wound.
Orthopedistsin the earlier times were very committed in their field. It’s no doubt thattheir legacy remained into our modern orthopedists. Birth defects such asscoliosis and clubfoot have also been the main concern of the formerorthopedists. But it doesn’t stop there, those physicians also included withintheir specialty the dislocations, fractures, and trauma to the spine andskeleton. Orthopedics had been a physical specialty for several years.
Aftermanipulating bones and joints to restore alignment, orthopedists including Dr. Howard Marans will apply castsor braces to maintain its structure while waiting for it to heal. While the fractureheals on its own, the patient is advised to be more comfortable as possible toavoid further injuries. However, in some cases,the healing process was incomplete and affect the patient with a lifetimehandicap that can make walking or bending difficult.
Inorder for the bone fragments to heal better, a special nail was invented in the1930s to hold them. On the other hand, the head of a femur that is a part ofthe hip joint and that wouldn’t often heal after being fractured can bereplaced with a metal device that was developed a couple of years after thenail, then a total artificial hip joint was invented after that. Revisions andimprovements are still being made by the orthopedists to allow an individual tomaximize the use and flexibility of the leg.
Orthopedistsutilize physical methods to align fractures and repair damaged joint. Braces and casts are still being used tohold injured bones in place while they heal. To ensure that the bones arealigned properly and that there’ll be a better healing process, orthopedicspecialists now use x-rays.
Crushedbones that have a little chance of healing on their own could be treated by Dr. Howard Marans throughtransplanting bits of bone from other locations in the body to fill fractured areas.He and other orthopedists use drills, screwdrivers, screws, staples, nails,chisels, and other tools to operate the bone and connect pieces with oneanother.
Mostof the bone deformities these days could be corrected. Deformed facial bones canbe replaced or reshaped. Bone transplants from one person to another is a usualthing. Grave diseases like cancer may bring terrible results to patients, suchas losing a limb, but Howard MaransMD can provide a normal-appearing prosthesis for them to have anear-normal life. He can teach them on how to use it, and it’s also fitted soit’s convenient to use.
Thepatients that have lost limbs due to traumatic injuries, vascular diseases,diabetes, cancer or congenital disorders could get prosthetics throughorthopedic surgeons. Prosthetics refers to the design, fabrication, and fitting of custom-built artificial limbs or other assistivedevices.
Thesedevices could restore the function and appearance of a full or partial missinglimb as completely as possible. He also added that the creation of prosthesisis a very complicated and custom procedure that requires a high degree of skillcoupled with advanced technology due to the huge differences in human anatomy.
Arthritis,carpal tunnel syndrome, epicondylitis, and osteoporosis are among the list of degenerativediseases that orthopedists were trained to treat. Treatment options includediet changes, exercise, steroid injections, as well as surgical procedures andhormone replacement therapy.
Arthroscopyand joint replacement are some of the recent technological advances that helpeda lot of orthopedic patients around the globe. Several orthopedic surgicalprocedures don’t need an open incision to completely expose the joint. Flexiblearthroscopes can now be inserted through a small incision in the skin and theninto a joint, and after that, it can be manipulated through the joint to locateand determine the nature of the injury. Arthroscopy can be used to look intomany joints of the body, such as knees, ankles, shoulders, elbows, and wrists.
Dr. Howard Marans and his affiliates are committed to treating all patients in a professional andtimely manner. They surely are a promising team because they can provide promptcare utilizing established orthopedic treatments and innovative surgical andarthroscopic procedures.
That’sit! This sum up most of the facts about orthopedics. Hoped this article helped youin understanding this particular field of medicine.