An hour from Houston, the biggest city in Texas, Galveston island has long been the playground of the Texas Gulf Coast. Since Hurricane Ike, the island has seen a revitalization in its tourism bringing great developments to the area. In addition to "what's new", Galveston has a rich history and amazing locals.

Galveston's architecture dates back to the late 1800's and reflects the prosperity of this port town as well as the devestation of catatrophic hurricanes. Historians of all ages will enjoy the ornate homes, Victorian store fronts and military hardware available for touring.

Children of all ages will love what the island has to offer with year round water fun at Sclitterbahn Galveston Island, the only indoor, heated water park in Texas; Moody Gardens brings fun and education with its rainforest pyramid, aquarium, and Palm Beach attractions; The Pleasure Pier with 16 rides, concessions, music and an amazing view and much more.

Of course there are always activities and events on the beach, Galveston Mardi Gras, numerous musical events, Art walk, kayak tours, Christmas on The Strand, plays, operas, performances and more. With mild winters, the calendar stays full! If you are just visiting the area and aren't used to the heat, chances are, anywhere you go will have air conditioning. Just make sure you pack your sunscreen and stay hydrated.


The Grand has survived multiple storms and hurricanes and is one of the few surviving theatres in Texas from this era. The theatre is a fully functioning theatrical performance venue with touring shows and local performances year round. Patrons are treated to top notch touring acts, amazing acoustics and beautiful venue. There is not a bad seat in the house. During the summer, The Grand Summer Theatre Camp offers free performances by the children enrolled in the program. The theatre is open for tours as well. Step inside and imagine all of the performances that have taken place there. Make sure you call ahead to schedule.


Constructed from 1887 - 1892, the Bishop's Palace comes complete with a variety of attractions for history aficionados. Fireplaces from around the world adorn several rooms, and the ballroom's mantle won first prize at the Philadelphia World's Fair in 1876. The octagonal mahogany stairwell is forty feet tall surrounded on 5 sides with stained glass. Recognized as one of the nation's most significant architectural structures, the palace also includes woodwork fashioned from white mahogany, rosewood, maple, and satinwood. Young visitors will feel like they are in a castle with carvings of mythical animals and decorative plaster on the ceilings and walls.


With its Greek Revival architecture, The Menard Home (1838) has been restored to its original beauty and charm earning it's spot on the National Register of Historic places as the oldest historic home in Galveston. In fact, the founders of Galveston and Houston once owned the house. The current owners saved the home from demolition in the 1990's and worked on the research, repair and restruction of the home. Today, tourists visit the home to explore its array of mid-19th century Neoclassic antiques and take a tour to learn about its long history. The home is available for private events and provides a beautiful backdrop for an islands wedding.


The 28,000 square foot, 4 story Moody mansion was once inhabited by one of Texas's most influential and affluent families, headed by W.L. Moody, Jr. The family's prominent ties reached into cotton, banking, and eventually hotels. Their mansion in Galveston provides an excellent example of how one of Texas's foremost families lived around the turn of the 20th century. The family spent over 80 years in the home before opening it to the public. Visitors will enjoy the hand-carved décor, coffered ceilings, and stained glass as well as the Moody family possessions that still inhabit the rooms. Open tours occur daily on the hour.


Haunted Mayfield Manor is a year round haunted house located on The Strand- Galveston Island's historic shopping district. The Manor consists of "12 rooms of terror that will leave you screaming!" The attraction gives participants some history as well as some scares. Paranormal investigations do occur at the Haunted Mayfield Manor. Call for time and availabilty if you would like to be a part of this unique experience. The Pirates! Legends of the Gulf Coast is the sister attraction that gives your family a chance to attend Pirate school, get their faces painted and participate in a scavanger hunt. Special rates are available if you attend both.


Only Ellis Island has welcomed more immigrants than Galveston's port, and the Texas Seaport Museum chronicles their amazing stories through displays and historical records. One of the museum's high points is the Elissa, an 1877 iron-hulled sailing ship that saw many immigrants safely into port. Another attraction is the museum's database of over 133,000 immigrant names and records, which is a veritable goldmine for genealogists looking for relatives who first set foot on American soil in Galveston. While you are there, you can see Galveston Harbor by boat tour aboard the Seagull II. On this tour, you can see dolphins and evidence of the recovery from storms and hurricanes in the area.


You don't want to miss an opportunity to experience all that Schlitterbahn has to offer. A great family destination, you'll find something that appeals to the more adventurous in your crowd and milder attractions for the kids. Don't forget to take a ride on the Dragon Blaster, an uphill water coaster or get a bird's view of the park on the Soaring Eagle Zipline. The park is situated within a lazy river, rather than sidewalks to get around the park. Rental lockers are available as well as private cabanas and "luxury lounges". There are shaded areas to sit around the park but be sure to bring your sunscreen. That Texas sun is powerful!


This 2,000-acre state park provides all the necessary elements that attract outdoor lovers. The campsites are complete with electricity and water hookups, and the barbecue pits and picnic tables provide a little luxury for the family. When everyone is ready to go exploring, they can choose from hiking or biking trails, surf fishing for red fish and flounder, or just exploring the great Gulf Coast environs. The naturalist in the group will appreciate the park's wildlife, which features a variety of tidal birds, armadillos, and raccoons. Join the Friends of Galveston State Park for beach walks on Saturday and Sunday mornings at 10 AM. Turtle tours are Thursdays at 10 AM and 1 PM. Call ahead to make reservations.


Moody Gardens offer a variety of activities, including two state-of-the-art theaters, a vast aquarium, several playgrounds and pools, and an expansive botanical garden. With a full hotel, spa, convention center and golf course, the attraction is perfect for business, pleasure or both. Visitors should make time to visit the 13-story Rainforest Pyramid, which boasts an impressive display of flora and fauna from places like Africa and Asia. Another attraction is the Discovery Pyramid, which NASA helps make interesting with over 40 interactive exhibits. If the clan wants something extra, schedule a private cruise on an authentic replica of an 1800s paddlewheel boat.


The Pleasure Pier opened in May of 2012. With the island recovering from the devastation cause by Hurricane Ike, Galveston native (or as the locals say B.O.I.- born on island) Tillman Fertitta, owner of the Landry's restaurant chain, redeveloped the pier to bring a nostalgic boardwalk-style amusement park to the island. The Pleasure Pier has 16 rides for all ages, concessions, shops and lots of shady places to sit. A wrist band gets you in and out of the park for the entire day. The rides include the Pirate's Plunge- a water ride to cool you down from that Texas heat, a double decker carousel, 2 sizes of bumper cars- for big kids and the little ones, The Texas Star Flyer- a 200 foot swing set over the ocean, and a dozen more. At night, the pier is transformed with lights and often times, live music. The view of the island from the carousel and the evening breeze are a perfect end to a day of fun.

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To some, Galveston will always be an island defined by its storied past, its 19th-century elegance, big-city ambitions, notorious seaport and even more notorious storms. But visitors to the island these days might be forgiven for thinking they’ve happened upon a new golden age, one even more glorious than the last.

From world-class museums to brand-spanking-new cruise ships, from the explosion in entertainment and dining options to the ever-growing number of places to stay, shop, and explore, this is not your grandfather’s Galveston - or your father’s, for that matter. Except that it is.

The atmosphere is still as warm and friendly as the breezes. The beaches - as beautiful and inviting as they’ve ever been- still go on forever. It’s Galveston as you always knew it, and always knew it could be.

Fortunately, the island offers a wide variety of accommodations, from swanky resorts and beach houses to budget-conscious lodging and cozy bed-and-breakfasts. Choosing the place that’s right for you may seem like an overwhelming task, but the Galveston Island Convention & Visitors Bureau is happy to help!

Moody Gardens Offers New Attractions, Discounts for Spring Break

Spring break is almost here and Moody Gardens is offering new attractions, experiences and discounts to provide an enjoyable daytrip or extended vacation at one of the most popular tourist destinations in Texas.

Spring Break on a Budget

It’s that time of the year when the sun’s rays provide the perfect backdrop for dancing, partying and flirting during the annual freedom pilgrimage called Spring Break Galveston. It takes place March 1 - April 30.

Galveston's Pier 21 - An All Day Affair

Galveston’s Pier 21 has restaurants, an exclusive hotel, marina, theater, harbor tours and attractions.

#lovegalveston Photo Contest - A Chance to Win Cash, and Be the Face of Galveston

There’s nothing like spending “island time” with your family, taking in the Galveston coast while making memories you’ll cherish for a lifetime. While your memories may be priceless, capturing them in a photograph could lead to some extra bonuses.

Get a Taste of Downtown Galveston

Galveston’s 70-block historic downtown is a veritable treasure chest of culture

10 Reasons You Should Get On "Island Time" in Galveston

The advent of spring in the Lone Star State heralds the arrival of warm weather, vibrant blue skies and blooming bluebonnets.

Exploring Galveston's Past through Museums, Attractions and Historic Buildings

When visiting the beach or relaxing at one of Galveston’s renowned resort hotels, the island’s historic past might not be the first thing that comes to mind.

Group Activities Beckon & Abound on Galveston Island

If you’re looking for group activities, there’s plenty of things to on our charming little island.

An Art Lover's Guide to Downtown

What comes to mind when you think of Galveston? Most visitors might say sand, surf and seafood; you may be surprised to know there's a nice bit of art out there as well.

Rare & Endangered Pygmy Slow Loris Twins Born at Moody Gardens

Guests will see double in 2017 as the Moody Gardens Rainforest staff celebrated the birth of two small, fuzzy Pygmy Slow Loris twins in the Nocturnal Exhibit of the Rainforest Pyramid.

Galveston Capital Tourism and Marketing Review Singapore Island Hotels Hope you experience this “causeway cure” where flip-flops replace dress shoes and the scenery.

Join a group thrilled you have decided to explore Galveston Island.



A dependable and trusted service, Tyre&Auto Southbourne Group has it. What’s more is their amiable and knowledgeable team. Customers were often satisfied with their services and good reviews about them were abundant on the internet.

Taking care of your car has never been this special with Tyre&Auto Southbourne Group. George Mandair, along with other seasoned managers, frequently receives good feedbacks from their customers because of their trustworthy and good service. They always give their best shot in assisting people with car related concerns.

With their years of experience in this field, Tyre&Auto Southbourne Group has also been active in the trades on South Coast of Hampshire. Their good service has been known to a lot of people there for more than a decade already.

Defined as a reliable family run company, Tyre&Auto Southbourne Group could indeed handle properly any of your car issues. They can assist you in brake checks, car servicing, looking for good tyres, MOTs, along with free seasonal checks. With their current online service, you can also get a quick tyre quote as well as reserve your tyres for fitting.

In order to provide a fair convenience to their customers, Tyre&Auto depots also provide a local collect and a return service to them. It is recommended to ask their team about the service once you booked.

Stated earlier are some of the services that their entire depots offer to customers. But the company has more to offer and it includes checking of your car’s windscreen wipers and doing a full engine overhaul to your vehicle.

A lot of customers had seen their good skills and capability in handling car-related works, and most of them were pleased with the company’s honest service. In addition, Tyre&Auto Southbourne Group offers a good array of free service checks as well. You may inquire at their local depot to find out more about their services.



NEW YORK, March 31,2016 /PRNewswire/ -BGC Partners, Inc. (NASDAQ: BGCP) (“BGC Partners,” “BGC,” or the “Company,”) aleading global brokerage company servicing the financial and real estatemarkets, today announced that it has updated its outlook for the quarter ending March 31,2016.

BGC expects its quarterly revenues for distributable earningsand for its pre-tax distributable earnings to be towards the mid-point of therange of its previously stated guidance. BGC’s first quarter 2016 outlook was originally published in a pressrelease dated February 10, 2016, and was as follows:

Original First Quarter2016 Outlook Compared with First Quarter 2015 Results

-         BGCanticipated first quarter of 2016 distributable earnings revenues to increaseby between approximately 13 percent and 21 percent and to be between $635million to $680 million, compared with $563.9 million a year earlier.

-         BGCexpected first quarter of 2016 pre-tax distributable earnings to increase bybetween approximately 6 percent and 26 percent and to be in the range of $80million to $95 million, versus $75.2 million a year earlier.1

-         BGCexpected full year 2016 Real Estate services distributable earnings revenues toincrease by approximately 20 percent to $1.2 billion, compared with $1 billionin 2015.

-         BGCanticipated its effective tax rate for distributable earnings to remainapproximately 15 percent for the year.2

The Company currently expects to report its financial resultsfor the first quarter of 2016 at 10:00 AM ET on April 27, 2016.  Details of the related conference call areexpected to be forthcoming.

Distributable EarningsDefined

BGC Partners uses non-GAAP financial measures including“revenues for distributable earnings,” “pre-tax distributable earnings” and“post-tax distributable earnings,” which are supplemental measures of operatingperformance that are used by management to evaluate the financial performanceof the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. BGC Partners believes thatdistributable earnings best reflect the operating earnings generated by theCompany on a consolidated basis and are the earnings which management considersavailable for distribution to BGC Partners, Inc. and its common stockholders,as well as to holders of BGC Holdings partnership units during any period.

As compared with “income (loss) from operations before incometaxes,” “net income (loss) for fully diluted shares,” and “fully dilutedearnings (loss) per share,” all prepared in accordance with GAAP, distributableearnings calculations primarily exclude certain non-cash compensation and otherexpenses which generally do not involve the receipt or outlay of cash by theCompany, which do not dilute existing stockholders, and which do not haveeconomic consequences, as described below. In addition, distributable earnings calculations exclude certain gainsand charges that management believes do not best reflect the ordinary operatingresults of BGC.

Revenues for distributable earnings are defined as GAAPrevenues excluding the impact of BGC Partners, Inc.’s non-cash earnings orlosses related to its equity investments. Revenues for distributable earnings include the collection of receivableswhich would have been recognized for GAAP other than for the effect ofacquisition accounting.  Revenues fordistributable earnings also exclude certain one-time or unusual gains that arerecognized under GAAP, because the Company does not believe such gains arereflective of its ongoing, ordinary operations.

Pre-tax distributable earnings are defined as GAAP income(loss) from operations before income taxes excluding items that are primarilynon-cash, non-dilutive, and non-economic, such as:

-         Non-cashstock-based equity compensation charges for units granted or issued prior tothe merger of BGC Partners, Inc. with and into eSpeed, Inc., as well aspost-merger non-cash, non-dilutive equity-based compensation related to limitedpartnership unit exchange or conversion.

-         Allocationsof net income to founding/working partner and other limited partnership units.

-         Non-cashasset impairment charges, if any.

Distributable earnings calculations also exclude chargesrelated to purchases, cancellations or redemptions of partnership interests andcertain unusual, one-time or non-recurring items, if any.

“Compensation and employee benefits” expense fordistributable earnings will also include broker commission payouts relating tothe aforementioned collection of receivables.

BGC’s definition of distributable earnings also excludescertain gains and charges with respect to acquisitions, dispositions, orresolutions of litigation.  Thisexclusion includes the one-time gains related to the Nasdaq and Trayporttransactions.  The calculation ofdistributable earnings also excludes the non-cash mark-to-market gains orlosses related to the shares of Intercontinental Exchange, Inc. received inconnection with the Trayport sale. Management believes that excluding these gains and charges best reflectsthe ongoing operating performance of BGC.

However, because Nasdaq is expected to pay BGC in an equalamount of stock on a regular basis for a 15 year period as part of thattransaction, the payments associated with BGC’s receipt of such stock areexpected to be included in the Company’s calculation of distributableearnings.  To make period-to-periodcomparisons more meaningful, one-quarter of the annual contingent earn-outamount, as well as gains or losses with respect to associated mark-to-marketmovements and/or hedging, will be included in the Company’s calculation ofdistributable earnings each quarter as “other revenues.”

Investors and analysts should note that, due to the largegain recorded with respect to the Trayport sale in December, 2015, and theclosing of the back-end merger with GFI in January, 2016, non-cash chargesrelated to the amortization of intangibles with respect to acquisitions will beexcluded from the calculation of pre-tax distributable earnings for periodsbeginning with the first quarter of 2016. These charges were approximately $5 million in the first quarter of2016.

Since distributable earnings are calculated on a pre-taxbasis, management intends to also report “post-tax distributable earnings” and“post-tax distributable earnings per fully diluted share:”

-         “Post-taxdistributable earnings” are defined as pre-tax distributable earnings adjustedto assume that all pre-tax distributable earnings were taxed at the sameeffective rate.

-         “Post-taxdistributable earnings per fully diluted share” are defined as post-taxdistributable earnings divided by the weighted-average number of fully dilutedshares for the period.

-         BGC’sdistributable earnings per share calculations assume either that:

-         Thefully diluted share count includes the shares related to the dilutiveinstruments, such as the Convertible Senior Notes, but excludes the associatedinterest expense, net of tax, when the impact would be dilutive; or

-         Thefully diluted share count excludes the shares related to these instruments, butincludes the associated interest expense, net of tax.

The share count for distributable earnings excludes sharesexpected to be issued in future periods but not yet eligible to receivedividends and/or distributions, such as those related to the GFI back-endmerger.

Each quarter, the dividend to BGC’s common stockholders isexpected to be determined by the Company’s Board of Directors with reference topost-tax distributable earnings per fully diluted share.  In addition to the Company’s quarterlydividend to common stockholders, BGC Partners expects to pay a pro-ratadistribution of net income to BGC Holdings founding/working partner and otherlimited partnership units, and to Cantor for its non-controlling interest.  The amount of all of these payments isexpected to be determined using the above definition of pre-tax distributableearnings per share.

Certain employees who are holders of RSUs may be grantedpro-rata payments equivalent to the amount of dividends paid to commonstockholders.  Under GAAP, a portion ofthe dividend equivalents on RSUs is required to be taken as a compensationcharge in the period paid. However, to the extent that they represent cashpayments made from the prior period’s distributable earnings, they do notdilute existing stockholders and are therefore excluded from the calculation ofdistributable earnings.

The term “distributable earnings” is not meant to be an exactmeasure of cash generated by operations and available for distribution, norshould it be considered in isolation or as an alternative to cash flow fromoperations or GAAP net income (loss.) The Company views distributable earnings as a metric that is notnecessarily indicative of liquidity or the cash available to fund itsoperations.

Pre- and post-tax distributable earnings are not intended toreplace the Company’s presentation of GAAP financial results.  However, management believes that they helpprovide investors with a clearer understanding of BGC Partners’ financialperformance and offer useful information to both management and investorsregarding certain financial and business trends related to the Company’sfinancial condition and results of operations. Management believes that distributable earnings and the GAAP measures offinancial performance should be considered together.

Management does not anticipate providing an outlook for GAAP“revenues,” “income (loss) from operations before income taxes,” “net income(loss) for fully diluted shares,” and “fully diluted earnings (loss) pershare,” because the items previously identified as excluded from “pre-taxdistributable earnings” and “post-tax distributable earnings” are difficult toforecast. Management will instead provide its outlook only as it relates to“revenues for distributable earnings,” “pre-tax distributable earnings,” and“post-tax distributable earnings.”

For more information on this topic, please see the tables inthe most recent BGC financial results press release entitled “Reconciliation ofRevenues Under GAAP and Distributable Earnings,” and “Reconciliation of GAAPIncome (Loss) to Distributable Earnings,” which provide a summaryreconciliation between pre- and post-tax distributable earnings and thecorresponding GAAP measures for the Company in the periods discussed in thisdocument.  The reconciliations for priorperiods do not include the results of GFI.

About BGC Partners,Inc.

BGC Partners is a leading global brokerage company servicingthe financial and real estate markets. BGC owns GFI Group Inc., a leading intermediary and provider of tradingtechnologies and support services to the global OTC and listed markets.  The Company’s Financial Services offeringsinclude fixed income securities, interest rate swaps, foreign exchange,equities, equity derivatives, credit derivatives, commodities, futures, andstructured products. BGC provides a wide range of services, including tradeexecution, broker-dealer services, clearing, trade compression, post trade,information, and other services to a broad range of financial and non-financialinstitutions.  Through brands includingFENICS, BGC Trader, and BGC Market Data, BGC offers financial technologysolutions, market data, and analytics related to numerous financial instrumentsand markets.  Real Estate Services areoffered through brands including Newmark Grubb Knight Frank, the Companyprovides a wide range of commercial real estate services, including leasing andcorporate advisory, investment sales and financial services, consulting,project and development management, and property and facilities management.

BGC’s customers include many of the world’s largest banks,broker-dealers, investment banks, trading firms, hedge funds, governments,corporations, property owners, real estate developers, and investment firms.BGC’s common stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the tickersymbol (NASDAQ: BGCP).  BGC also has anoutstanding bond issuance of Senior Notes due June 15, 2042, which trade on theNew York Stock Exchange under the symbol (NYSE: BGCA).  BGC Partners is led by Chairman and ChiefExecutive Officer Howard W. Lutnick.

BGC, BGC Trader, GFI, FENICS, FENICS.COM, Capitalab,Swaptioniser, Newmark, Grubb & Ellis, and Grubb are trademarks, registeredtrademarks and/or service marks of BGC Partners, Inc. and/or itsaffiliates.  Knight Frank is a servicemark of Knight Frank (Nominees) Limited.

Discussion ofForward-Looking Statements about BGC Partners

Statements in this document regarding BGC’s businesses thatare not historical facts are “forward-looking statements” that involve risksand uncertainties. Except as required by law, BGC undertakes no obligation torelease any revisions to any forward-looking statements.  For a discussion of additional risks anduncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ from those containedin the forward-looking statements, see BGC’s Securities and Exchange Commissionfilings, including, but not limited to, the risk factors set forth in itspublic filings, including the most recent Form 10-K and any updates to suchrisk factors contained in subsequent Forms 10-Q or Forms 8-K.

1 Investors and analysts should note that, due to the largegain recorded with respect to the Trayport sale in December, 2015, and theclosing of the back-end merger with GFI in January, 2016, non-cash chargesrelated to the amortization of intangibles with respect to acquisitions will beexcluded from the calculation of pre-tax distributable earnings for periodsbeginning with the first quarter of 2016. These charges were approximately $5 million in the first quarter of2016.  Please see the revised definitionof distributable earnings found later in this document for a discussion of thisand other GAAP items that are excluded in order to calculate the Company’snon-GAAP results, and for a complete and updated discussion of and how, when,and why management uses terms related to distributable earnings.

2 Investors and analysts should note that BGC’s post-taxdistributable earnings per share calculations assume either that the fullydiluted share count includes the shares related to the dilutive instruments,such as the Convertible Senior Notes, but excludes the associated interestexpense when the impact would be dilutive, or that the fully diluted share countexcludes the shares related to these instruments, but includes the associatedinterest expense.  In the first quarterof 2016, the pre-tax interest expense associated with the Convertible SeniorNotes was expected to be $3.0 million while the post-tax interest expense wasexpected to be $2.6 million, and the associated weighted-average share countwas expected to be 16.3 million, all based on distributable earnings.




Criminal defense lawyers are an exceptional class ofexperts, highly demanded and selected with a lot of care from a number of otherprofessional lawyers. In order to be an effective criminal lawyer you need tobe knowledgeable, along with numerous other traits that will make youfriendlier as well as more professional. Criminal defense lawyers representinstitutions or clients suspected of illegal misbehaviour. Public defenders aredefense lawyers, hired by the government, to defend suspected criminals.


A criminal defense lawyer does thefollowing:

• Investigates the case and interviews the witnesses

• Research case law, rulings, offenses codes and procedurallaw

• Establish a defense and develop a case plan

• They negotiate bargains with the prosecution to reducecharges

• File, draft and contend motions, e.g., motions toterminate and motions to defeat

• Supports for the suspect at trial

• Draft, file and contend petitions


The essential attribute of an efficient criminal defenselawyer is that he should disseminate himself with the details of the client’slife and case. It involves widespread research and study. Several times,judges’ side with the client based on some intolerable suffering the client enduredin the past, thus causing the ruling to be in their favor. While doing relatedresearch, the lawyer can come across proof, which the client might have missed,yet the proof is in client's favor. Investigations like this are not onlylimited to textbook research, but they also extend to field inquiries. Itentails traveling to different places, seeking dialogs with client's family,acquaintances and friends. It also involves seeking authenticity of hischaracter amongst his peers and having an excellent understanding of his life.There is an enormous difference between books about the law and performing thelaw in court. It is vital to understand the currents, delicacies, recedes andmovements of a criminal hearing is what can make an alteration between losingand winning your case.


A goodcriminal defense lawyer constitutes of the following


He or she should be honest. Honest is an essential qualityfor a criminal defense lawyer, but it should go hand in hand with patientrestraint. A good criminal lawyer should offer the client with a shred of truthoccasionally check though not in a way that will disappoint them. Lawyers mustkeep their objective aim in sight and work towards it without allowing theirruling to be troubled by connecting themselves emotionally with the case.Fairness trustworthiness provides a clear insight into the reality of successin a case.


2.Upholds Reputation and Credibility

Building a perfect reputation takes time. However, the lossof a good reputation can happen within a short time. It is paramount tomaintain credulity and good reputation so that any representation a criminaldefense lawyer represents to a jury is worth much more. Good lawyers will nottwist the evidence because they are sure that any value added presently forthat specific client will be uncompleted by several months of distrust.


3. Knowledge of the Facts

It is devastating to have a defense lawyer who does not havethe evidence on their fingertips. Criminal defense lawyer should take some timeto read the report that way things will work out quickly and smoothly.


4. Knowledge of the Law

Criminal defense lawyers should know and understand the law.They need to know judgment for each criminal act done to assist the clients toknow what facts are and how law applies before any harm is done by giving wronginformation.


5.Client Control

Criminal defense lawyers deal with the most difficult taskof advising their clients about the law. They also clarify the legal positionof their clients. It is a hard task since most of the clients think that theyhave enough knowledge about the law. A defense lawyer withstands doubts,mistrust and total verbal abuse from their clients. However, they want to earnrespect and attention from their customers and that is why they need to controltheir client’s anger and to gain the trust as well. Good client control skillsensure that the job is through within the stipulated period.


6. Patience

A good defense lawyer is always patiently waiting for the clients,judge and the prosecutor. Those that do not allow their frustration bubble overremains the best frame of mind to get the job done.


7.Presentations Skills

A good criminal defense lawyer should have good skills topass a coherent message to the judge.


8.Maintains Perspective

It is professional to keep your standpoint. Even if theclient is guilty, they work hard to represent them to get the best deal.Maintaining perspective will also ensure that a proper criminal lawyermaintains credibility.


9. KeepExtensive Records

A good criminal defense lawyer keeps records of the casesthey handled together with his or her competitors. These records will help thelawyer to gain a better understanding of varied industries those clients whowant their services work in and the records can help the lawyer find manyclients through referrals.


To summarize, good defense lawyers should have an adequatelevel of education, and they should be knowledgeable in different aspects ofcriminal law. In fact, they should not only read the law but they should aswell practice the law. Lawyers should always be honest and patient becausedoing so allows them to maintain credibility and a good reputation. Inaddition, defense lawyers should know facts, they should know the law as welland they should have client control skills. Finally, defense lawyers must haveexcellent presentation skills, maintains perspective and extensive records. Allthe above attributes will help the lawyers do their job smoothly and thuscreating an admirable reputation. In order to select a good criminal defensefor loved one or yourself, it is always good to know the attributes of a gooddefense lawyers. This is a clear guide through what constitutes a good defenselawyer and it should give you a clear view of good criminal lawyers. Be verydoubtful of any criminal defense lawyer who assures you a precise outcome in acriminal case before making a court attendance and before going through all thedocuments and proof.



Therehas been an alarming upward trend in the costs of similar treatments, as moredrugs are developed and come on to the market, new Pharmac figures show.

Andas the price of life-saving medicines soar andpharmaceutical companies show no signs of justifying their costs, theGovernment is warning that something has got to give.

Pharmac,the Government’s drug buying agency, began funding a key blood cancer drug Thalidomide, manufactured by druggiant Celgene, in 2002. While the true costs of what Pharmac pays areconfidential, the list price for the drug in 2002 was $360, based on a dailyaverage dose for a month.

Comparethat with a later iteration of the same drug - Lenalidomide - which in 2014carried a list price of $8353. A third option for blood cancer patients, whosecondition might not respond so well to the first two, was Bortezomib, which hada list price of $9742.

Thebenefits of treating cancer with any of the drugs were similar, and limitedstudies comparing Lenalidomide and Thalidomide showed no survival difference.

Whenit came to differing forms of chemotherapy for breast cancer, list prices hadrisen 443 per cent.

Anthracycline,a common chemotherapy, was listed at $975 in 2002. As two more options cameonto the market - Docetaxel, also in 2002, and Trastuzumab, in 2007 - listprices rose to $2488 and $5300 respectively.

Asimilar trend was also shown across medicines for the treatment of kidneycancer, and lung cancer, rising 411 and 44 per cent respectively.

Whileall those costs related to the list-price of the medicines, chief executiveSteffan Crauzas said Pharmac did not pay that much.

Howmuch less Pharmac paid was confidential, but the increase in the list-priceshowed an alarming trend that the overall cost of providing New Zealandersaccess to medicines was becoming more difficult.

Costswere symptomatic of a price-war raging overseas, where the medicines market wasnot so tightly controlled by a public purchaser.

Accordingto the World Health Organisation, medicines accounted for over half of totalhealth expenditures and were often “unavailable and unaffordable to consumerswho need them”.

Itrecommended making some essential medicines exempt from taxation.

BreastCancer Aotearoa Coalition chair Libby Burgess, who led a campaign for thepublic funding of breast cancer drug Herceptin, said the problem was thePharmac model.

Shecited Australia, where two separate bodies took care of funding decisions andthen purchase of the medicines respectively.

“Allof that happens under one roof in Pharmac, which means its very easy for onepart of the process to compromise another.”

MidCentralDHB Oncologist Dr. Richard Isaacs said the prices bigpharma was charging was “gobsmacking”.

“There’sbeen a lot of criticism of Pharmac over the years, and I was involved inadvocating for Herceptin, but I strongly believe now there needs to be a strongfocus on the costs that pharma are charging when they introduce new targetedtherapies into the market.

"Wecertainly can’t afford all of them and I think our process of carefullyassessing the drugs is a good one.”

AssociateHealth Minister Peter Dunne said Pharmaceutical companies needed to justifytheir costs more.

“Ithink that there’s a real question about how everything starts with severalzeros behind it, and think that is a question mark… but it may not solve theissue as far as access to medicines in New Zealand is concerned.”

Instead,it was Pharmac that would likely undergo changes in the next 10 to 15 years.Those changes were unlikely to be the kind Burgess was after, however.

“Pharmacare remarkably skillfull… and they are ableto put these packages together, which are impressive. But the issue I thoughtthey would have done a little more on, is actually evaluating their decisions;was there a benefit from funding Herceptin, for instance?

"Wecan be confident in the model at the moment, and in the forseeable future. Butthat’s not going to [last forever].” Dunne said.

“[Drugcompanies] have got the upper hand, and they know it. At the end of the day, nogovernment is going to deny its citizens access to medicines.”