Pucci’s designs and garments have always been influenced by art. Born in a wealthy and aristocratic environment, the designer was in constant contact with artists and amazing artworks. Pucci sought inspiration in different art pieces, such as Rousseau’s exotic landscapes, but also in his travelling. His famous patterns, for example, deeply relate with Florence’s renaissance art ( Figure 29 and 30) and Sicily’s mosaics ( Figure 31 and 32). In addition, his color palette reflects the sceneries that he observed in his trips ( Figure 33).
One can draw many relationships between the different art movements and his garments. Nevertheless, there is one that cannot be ignored and appears in most of his collections. The relationship between Pucci’s designs and the psychedelic art movement can be observed in every single pattern and it serves as a clear example of how art can influence fashion ( Figure 34, 35 and 36).
Led by Larry Carlson ( Figure 37) and Michael Whelan ( Figure 38), the psychedelic art movement is a subcultural movement of the 60’s that seeks to create new points of view and ideas regarding nature. Born as a new way of understanding aesthetics and the art’s functionality, the idea behind it is to create a free world, with new laws and without gravity. The movement is characterized by the use of strong and contrasting colors, optical vibrating effect of graphic lines, the use of curvilinear shapes and the mutation of objects and patterns ( Figure 39).
The psychedelic art movement has a big impact on fashion and offers an authentical change. This shift can be observed in the establishment of short skirts and dresses, the prints and colors of the clothes ( Figure 40).
Nevertheless, it has particular and strong influence on Pucci’s work: “He uses an art style influenced by the prevalence of hallucinatory drugs, especially LSD, with typical designs featuring abstract swirls of intense color with curvilinear calligraphy reminiscent of Art Nouveau.” The relationship between the designer and this art movement is so evident that Pucci’s designs are “the equivalent of psychedelia without the drug”.
The designer is very skilful and manages to both absorb different types of influences and mix them around. “ The Psychedelic aesthetic in print has been perceived long before the synthesis of LSD- Pucci had made his name by creating a pattern of organic and geometric motifs in acid-bright colours overlaid with Easter influences” ( Figure 41 and 42).
This important influence can be clearly observed in the S/S15 Ready-to-wear collection. The creative director includes a big variety of bright colors, mini dresses, prints and lie-dye prints that take us back to “the late 60s and 70s when this colorful house exploded onto the collective fashion psyche.” ( Figure 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49 and 50)
The influence of the psychedelic movement demonstrates the importance of the relationship between art and fashion. The link between them can be portrayed as a meeting point: both can serve as inspiration sources, whether from the texture, colors, sensations, projections and shapes or the exhibition itself. Both are aesthetic expressions because the two of them share the intention of actually wanting to express something.