Advanced hydroponic systems are integral in not only simplifying but also enhancing the plant cultivation process. With a high quality hydroponics system, you will be able to closely monitor and control all the essential nutrients and other growth elements required by plants. The control of advanced hydroponic systems is made possible by timers and controllers resulting in high efficiency.When controlling the growth of plants indoors, you will need a high quality hydropic system. To meet the needs of different plants as well as budgets and indoor environments, the following are the main types of hydropic systems:
1. Active hydroponic systems
This is the most preferable hydroponic system for professionals. Instead of allowing moisture to be naturally wicked, pumps and other mechanical devices are employed to distribute the nutrient solutions.
To get the maximum efficiency in nutrient assimilation by plants, you should consider an active system from a hydroponics grow shop. Besides efficient utilization of resources, an active system allows for efficient utilization and absorption of oxygen by the plants.
2. Passive and DWC systems
A passive hydroponics growth system is the simplest indoor plant growing system. There are no mechanical devices or pumps and the nutrient solutions are introduced to the plants manually. Nutrients are manually wicked up. They are the cheapest hydroponic supplies online.
DWC or the Deep Water Culture hydro systems are also called bubbler systems and are set up in buckets. The plant roots are submerged in water/ the nutrient solution at all times and an air pump at the bottom of the bucket provides the needed constant supply of oxygen. These are great when there is limited space and when one is starting out.
3. NFT system
This was formerly known as the Nutrient Film Technique and is the most efficient technique for growing smaller plants faster. In an NFT system, the nutrient solution is placed in a compartment below the plants. A pump transports the nutrient solution to the manifold from which it is split into a series of small tubes where the solution passes by. The nutrients then get delivered to the plants in a controlled, slow and steady manner through the channels. Nutrients are pulled from one channel to the next by gravity.
4. Vertical systems
A hydroponics grow shop with advanced hydroponic systems cannot miss the vertical grow system. The vertical setups are effective in saving up space and they make plant cultivation possible in small spaces. It is possible to increase a vertical growth system and space at by time. This option is also more affordable since less lighting hardware is needed for the plants leading to higher ROI.
5. Ebb and Flood system
This is a classic hydroponic system preferred by most indoor farmers because of the ease and simplicity of setting it up thus available in most stores for hydroponic supplies online. With this system, there is the upper growth tray for the plants and a reservoir beneath the plants with the nutrient solution.
The plants are suspended a few inches from the nutrient reservoir and they only access the nutrients when the nutrients are pumped to the plants. Excess nutrients are filtered out by the overflow valve. The on and off exposure and the flow of water leads to the ebb and flood system and the plants take in oxygen when in the ebb period.
In conclusion, these are the main hydroponic systems available at the most advanced hydroponic stores. To get the best results, you should consider your available space, the cost of the process in terms of lighting, nutrients or oxygen supply, and the efficiency of the system.