Making the money last when it's time to shift from saving to spending

You’ve earned and saved money and now you’re headed into retirement. What could go wrong? Along with a new schedule and opportunities come new questions and challenges, particularly around finances. The most pressing ones are often: “Do I have enough savings to last my lifetime?” and “How do I turn my nest egg into a paycheck that I can count on throughout retirement?”

One of the biggest changes in retirement is going from receiving a consistent paycheck to needing to generate your own cash flow to cover expenses. This shift requires a new investment strategy and mindset.

The 3 Phases of Retirement

To start, you’ll want to think of retirement as a series of three unique stages:

The “Go Go” Years In the first years of retirement, you’ll likely be focused on the fun things in life, such as travel or enjoying activities with friends and family. The result can be a spike in lifestyle expenses. During this period, your investment strategy should account for a faster withdrawal rate from your portfolio and more money going out the door.

The “Slow Go” Years Throughout these years, it’s likely you’ll settle into a routine. Your desire to be as active may taper off, and with it, life expenses can tend to go down.

The “No Go” Years More Americans are living into their 90s or beyond. While this is a testament to our medical advancements, increased longevity is often accompanied by physical limitations. At this point in life, you may scale back your activity even more and find that your remaining expenses are focused on daily living and possibly health care-related.

5 Ways to Restructure Your Portfolio for Retirement

Throughout the different phases of retirement, you’ll need to develop strategies around covering your day-to-day expenses as well as the best ways to tap into your assets. Both strategies should meet your goals and reflect your views on risk. Regardless of your circumstances, be sure to address five key areas when mapping out your retirement income plan:

1. Protect against sequence risk If the stock market takes a tumble and you’re not appropriately diversified, you could be forced to pull money out of investments that have declined precipitously. The returns during the first few years of retirement can have an especially significant impact on your long-term wealth picture — this is known as “sequence risk.”

So consider keeping some of your money in liquid investments such as cash or other relatively safe, short-term vehicles to cover expenses for the first two or three years of retirement.

2. Match your assets to your expenses Identify which of your expenses are required to meet your basic needs of living, (such as food, shelter, utilities and health care) and which are discretionary (like travel and hobbies). Then, target sources of guaranteed or stable income to meet your essential expenses. This can include Social Security, a pension if you’ll get one and perhaps an annuity with guaranteed payments.

You can use investments that may vary in value to meet your discretionary expenses.

3. Remember that taxes are an ongoing expense As you create your own paycheck in retirement from your savings; remember that you may still have a tax liability. Unlike your working years, taxes may not be automatically withheld from your sources of cash flow. Even the majority of Social Security recipients are subject to tax on the benefits they receive.

Depending on how effectively you manage your income level, you may qualify for a zero percent long-term capital gains tax rate when liquidating certain investments in a taxable account.

Working with a financial professional before, and throughout, retirement can help you calculate how much you may owe in taxes or which tax breaks you may be eligible to receive.

4. Pay attention to required distribution rules for your retirement accounts If you have money in traditional Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) or workplace retirement plans, remember to comply with the government’s required minimum distribution (RMD) rules.

After age 70 1/2, you must take withdrawals from these accounts annually — even if you don’t need the money — based on a schedule provided by the Internal Revenue Service. Failure to comply can result in a significant tax penalty. (Money held in Roth IRAs is not subject to RMD rules).

5. Keep in mind that growth is still a concern When you are younger and accumulating wealth, your primary investment focus is growing your assets. However, in retirement you need to think about the potential impact that inflation could have on your future income needs.

To keep pace with rising living costs, you will still need to grow your assets. That may mean keeping a portion of your portfolio invested in equities that historically have outpaced inflation, but could also be subject to more market volatility.

Start planning early to protect what you’ve accumulated and position your assets for their new purpose — to generate income to last throughout your retirement.

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Lots of people dream of becoming a millionaire, but few actually know what it takes to get there. Most millionaires weren’t handed their wealth, and few stumbled upon it by luck. A mere 20 percent of them inherited their money, according to Thomas J. Stanley's book The Millionaire Next Door. The conclusion? The majority of millionaires are self-made.

So, if you want to be a member of that elite group, exactly how do you make a million bucks? The truth is, there’s no secret handbook for millionaires. Most of them follow typical investing best practices. But you do need to be smart with your finances, so do your research and invest strategically.

Stanley, author of the "millionaire" book, also believes that attitude is a contributing factor. “One of the reasons that millionaires are economically successful is that they think differently,” he writes.

Ready to start thinking differently and invest smartly, to make your own million? Here are four tips to help you get there:

1. Be conservative.

When you picture today’s millionaires, do you imagine them recklessly gambling with their money and buying and selling stocks at the drop of a hat? Actually, the opposite is true. Most millionaires are very conservative with their money. They are focused more on avoiding risk than on the potential gain they might make from an investment.

Millionaires know that being cautious with their money will ensure they retain and slowly grow their wealth. Too big of a risk, and everything could be lost all at once. But that doesn’t mean millionaires don’t take any risks. “If you embrace risk at the right time, you can actually reduce it over the long term,” Spencer Jakab, author of Heads I Win, Tails I Win, in an article for TIME.

Don’t be blindsided by the possibility of a large reward when you choose an investment. Avoid investments that are too risky, and be strategic with the investments you do make.

2. Diversify your investments.

One of the biggest investment mistakes you can make is to bet all your money on one horse. Millionaires know that to avoid risk, they need to have a diverse portfolio. That way, they aren’t relying on one company. If one of the companies they’ve invested in takes a hit, they won’t lose everything.

According to a study by Spectrem Group, millionaires invest 44 percent of their assets in stocks. This is typically how most millionaires make their money. They’re strategic in which stocks they buy and how they build their portfolio. They tend to favor low-risk stocks and invest in both foreign and domestic companies.

The younger an investor you are, the riskier investments you can make. As you get older, you’ll want to lower the amount of risk associated with each investment you make, to ensure your finances are stable for the long term.

Millionaires also invest much of their wealth in real estate. With the right property, you can stand to make a lot of cash. Whether you decide to flip houses or look for rental properties, real estate is a potentially lucrative investment opportunity.

3. Minimize fees and costs.

In an interview with Bloomberg, Warren Buffett, CEO of Berkshire Hathaway, said, “Success in investing doesn't correlate with I.Q. once you're above the level of 25. Once you have ordinary intelligence, what you need is the temperament to control the urges that get other people into trouble in investing.”

Successful investors don’t have to be the smartest financial minds. But they do know what to do to hold on to their wealth. The U.S. Trust survey found that 90 percent of participating millionaires believed that the best investment strategy is the "buy-and-hold" approach.

By holding on to their investments, millionaires maximize their returns. They keep their transaction costs and other fees to a minimum to ensure the highest possible return.

4. Seek out advice.

No man is an island, and neither, it seems, are millionaires. Not all millionaires are investment experts, and many of them choose to seek out help with their portfolios. Spectrum Group finds that two-thirds of millionaires consult with an advisor.

Millionaires know they don’t need to have all the answers or do intense research on each and every investment. They leave that work to their advisor. But they don’t rely on their advisors completely. They are aware of the market, their investments and what’s going on. They are involved in the management of their portfolio but know when to seek guidance.

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How many times have you been told that saving money is a good thing? Financial specialists recommend that you save a bit of money every month, but that's easier said than done. After all, it’s not uncommon for people to live paycheck to paycheck.

However, if you want to start a company, you’ll need to break away from this cycle and start budgeting and saving. At times, this will be a trying task, but it must be done if you want to invest in your future as an entrepreneur.

If you want to start managing your money more effectively and set yourself up to become an entrepreneur, follow the six tips below. With these techniques in your arsenal, you’ll start so see immediate changes, and you’ll set good behaviors in motion that’ll serve you throughout your career as an entrepreneur.

1. Prioritize organization.

When you are organized, you can track every facet of your finances. Record all of your financial information in one place so you can refer to it and keep track of your progress.

When you chronicle all of your financial information, you may want to try and organize it by category. For example, when you are recording your current costs, you can categorize them as “urgent” and “future.” Not only will this system help you stay on top of your personal finances, but it’ll prepare you for entrepreneurial success because it’s a directly transferable skill.

2. Check your credit.

According to a recent MoneyTips survey, nearly 30 percent of people don’t know their credit score. If you are among this group, it’s time to request a free credit report. Once you know your number, assuming money’s tight, feel free to use a few do-it-yourself credit repair techniques to quickly improve your score.

Understanding your credit score and improving it to the best of your ability is paramount when it comes to money management. A little-known fact among aspiring entrepreneurs is that the funding a new business receives is often dependent on the founder’s credit score.

3. Save where you can.

People often cringe when they think about cutting back. Fortunately, there are several painless ways to save. Look at your daily habits and see if you have any spending trends. For example, if you spend $5 every day on lattes, you might consider cutting back and only having the expensive latte every other day. Slowly, you’ll get used to this new habit, and your bank account will reap the rewards.

4. Search for additional information.

Have you heard of The Penny Hoarder or Dough Roller? These are just two personal finance blogs that can help you better manage your money, but there’s a whole lot more out there.

Subscribe to websites and follow podcasts that offer advice on money management. Also, keep your eyes peeled for informative outlets that speak directly about entrepreneurial finances and follow them, too.

5. Set long- and short-term goals.

Have you ever noticed that people want to reach their goals in as little time as possible? If you pick up almost any given health magazine, it’ll claim that it can help you achieve extreme results in little to no time. Unfortunately, crash diets are often ineffective, and “get rich quick” money management techniques often lack substance.

It’s hard to accept that your goals will take time to accomplish, which is why you create short- and long-term goals. In either case, aim to make goals that are specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-based. Ideally, accomplishing your short-term goals will give you the positive feedback that you need to continue striving for your long-term goals.

6. Find a mentor.

If you manage your personal finances and entrepreneurial finances, one thing is certain -- at times, it will feel like you can’t keep up with everything. Financial planning can be difficult, and it’s not uncommon for it to feel overwhelming.

As an individual, you can seek out mentors that can help you with personal finances. As an entrepreneur, you can continue to work with these people or seek out more established financial consultants that provide you with guidance you need to run your business.

Managing your finances is a trying and rewarding experience. It will feel messy at times, but the more you practice, the more you’ll improve your personal finances and set yourself up for entrepreneurial money management success.

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Herrand Associates values our clients’ privacy as well as that of those who visit this Website. This Privacy Statement clarifies how Herrand Associates safeguards, stores and utilizes the personal records of clients and our Website visitors.

We Will Collect the Following Information

For us to assist our clients effectively, we will require personal information, such as:

• Name contained in a Passport or National ID card

• Contact telephone numbers

• Address of residence

• Business address

• Banking transaction information

How to Send Your Private Information

Private information may be sent and stored during the application as a Herrand Associates client. It may also be recorded using the following means of transmittal:

• Phone conversations

• Email exchange

• Subscription to online newsletters

• Access through internet accounts

How Herrand Associates Stores Your Information

Private information will be stored and safeguarded in electronically and physically. Every proper care and means is taken to assure that private information is protected. Industry standard security measures are established to prevent misuse or loss of private information.

How We Utilize Your Personal Information

Private information may be utilized for the following purposes:

• To process client-service applications

• To effectively manage services

• To conduct controlled model and endurance-testing evaluation

• To conduct risk evaluations

• For communication purposes

• To address relevant complaints and inquiries

When you’re Private Information Is Divulged

In general, Herrand Associates will never divulge private information to third-party providers for whatever purpose. The following, however, are exceptions to this policy:

• To comply with legal requirements, for instance, to check the status of funds covered by anti-money laundering laws

• To designated third-party services providers, with the express or written consent of the client concerned

Reliability of Information

Herrand Associates takes proper care to assure that your private information is regularly updated. Clients need to get in touch with his or her account manager for any changes in their personal information.

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Please read these Terms and Conditions ("Terms", "Terms and Conditions") carefully before using the www.herrandassociates.com website (the "Service") operated by Herrand Associates ("us", "we", or "our").

Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the Service.

By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you may not access the Service.

Links to Other Web Sites

Our Service may contain links to third-party web sites or services that are not owned or controlled by Herrand Associates.

Herrand Associates has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. You further acknowledge and agree that Herrand Associates shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such web sites or services.

Herrand Associates strongly advise you to read the terms and conditions and privacy policies of any third-party web sites or services that you visit.

Governing Law

These Terms shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of Singapore, without regard to its conflict of law provisions.

Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable by a court, the remaining provisions of these Terms will remain in effect. These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have between us regarding the Service.

Changes

Herrand Associates reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms at any time. If a revision is material we will try to provide at least 30 days’ notice prior to any new terms taking effect. What constitutes a material change will be determined at our sole discretion.

By continuing to access or use our Service after those revisions become effective, you agree to be bound by the revised terms. If you do not agree to the new terms, please stop using the Service.

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Clients are given wide access to diversified investment potentials through Herrand Associates’ deep bag of investment approach options to support its selection of fixed income and equity exposure.

An Alternative Method

Investment options include those that exhibit negative correspondence to the more conventional types of investment, for instance, fixed income and equities.

These investments options form part of a diversified portfolio to serve another layer of diversification through allocating assets toward exposures that tend to remain stable during market movements. Such extra investment options tend to provide investors with gains above general market averages.

Hedge Funds

In the past, investing in hedge funds was an exclusive domain for big institutional investors and the super-high net-value individuals. With growing competition and the reduction of strict regulations, retail investors are more capable of taking advantage of high returns form hedge fund investing.

Herrand Associates maintains a committed team of professionals who can identify and observe hedge funds’ performance to offer clients with a list of potential hedge fund choices.

Commodities

Greater diversification of portfolio can be attained by integrating a selection of commodity alternatives into the existing portfolio. Commodity options aim to achieve non-correlating gains when accommodated along with more conventional asset types, including fixed income and equities investments.

Private Equity

Herrand Associates collaborates with exceptionally high-growth firms in the private sector by providing them with access to private-equity exposures aimed at bringing risk-sensitive gains above overall market averages.

These private equity investments come in short- to medium-term maturity periods and usually demand clients to partner with hedge funds or big institutional investors as capital is sourced out in preparation for IPO issues.

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Extensive Wealth-Building Solutions

Herrand Associates Fixed-income Management professionals provide sound income methods based on absolute returns.

Global Multi-Sector Strategy

Strategies pinpoint global fixed-income instruments that primarily focus on the protection of capital with long-term risk-sensitive results.

Fixed-income issues over worldwide sovereign bonds and credit markets provide a sound foundation for Herrand Associates’ fixed-income approach. The process aims to deliver flexibility with expectations exhibiting significant value targets for a certain period.

As a component of a portfolio with diversified assets, the worldwide multi-sector strategy aims to stabilize intrinsic portfolio instability with gains propelled by prudent industry sector rotation, remaining time before maturity and location.

Rising Market-Debt Strategy

With rising economies providing capital through debt issues, Herrand Associates aims to pinpoint fixed-income conditions that offer substantial gains with reduced risk. Obviously, as rising economies are more unstable compared to other economies in developed countries, the effect of risk is greater when exposed to investments in such rising market environments.

Nevertheless, Herrand Associates' competence in research study assures our clients of risk reduction and, at the same time, sustaining the prospect of positive gains normally above that of the market-at-large.

Our confidence in rising market debt usually takes into account the following factors:

  • Effects of technical concerns, such as demand, supply and structure
  • Historical reliability of issuing entities and their capacity to address the coupon
  • Operating industry sector and country risk realities
  • Political stability and geopolitical environment

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Global Equity Markets

Herrand Associates delivers Equity Management solutions designed to enable clients to produce wealth for their future and their future generations.

To achieve growth of capital within the targeted time frame, Herrand Associates only includes such firms that can substantially deliver the results with the highest value and benefits into the investment equation.

These firms must undergo a strict selection phase and satisfy defined investment parameters and also exhibit solid proof of their staying power for a period of three to five years.

Value-Based Equity Investments

As we focus on value investments, Herrand Associates professionals normally search for medium to large-cap firms whose valuations have not yet been appreciated by the market in general. This is done to maximize opportunities as well as to introduce clients to the advantages of attaining growth, whether the stock price increases or dividends reach above-average industry levels. Moreover, by choosing equities with low values in the market, sufficient protection against short-term volatility becomes an effective risk management tool which is integrated into the equity's price.

Rising Market Equities

While seeking sustainable, high-value returns, we concentrate on rising market equities and top-quality managing firms as vital components of the process to enhance portfolio performance. Because rising market economies are prone to market volatilities within the international environment, proper timing and assets liquidity are primary considerations.

  • Investment criteria in rising market economies are the following:
  • Firms with proven competitive advantages
  • Firms with a justifiable franchise methods
  • Firms within high-entry and replication-cost areas
  • Firms whose services/products maximize cyclical/secular growth

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Extensive Wealth Solutions

Herrand Associates provides discretionary asset management assistance to clients who choose to entrust the asset management task to investment professionals.

Discretionary Asset Management

Utilizing a prepared Client Investment Profile, an investment approach is devised with an asset allocation consistent with risk-tolerance levels of clients under management.

Asset Management Solutions in Summary

Client-customized financial management

Day-to-day, meticulous monitoring of asset dynamics

Asset allocation balancing to adapt with market movements

Continuous accessibility to an assigned account manager

Overview of potential investment options consistent with risk capacity

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Herrand Associates provides discriminating investors to make well-researched decisions in their task of choosing and implementing independent procedures.

Educated Investment Decisions

Herrand Associates' offer clients quality investment counseling services, along with current research and projected targets consistent with the specialized needs of clients.

Establishing Goals and Providing Advice

Herrand Associates' investments professionals dedicate themselves to providing clients investment opportunities which satisfy client-specific needs and goals. The company’s Investment Advisory group operates by utilizing its broad comprehension of market dynamics, establishing strong business, sustaining open communications and sound advice as well as delivering tailor-fitted solutions.

Clients can depend on pre-established investment goals based on quality advice designed to deliver risk-sensitive capital benefits through equity funds, fixed-income and global market equities.

Unbiased Investment Advice

Every financial solution takes into account portfolio balance by mixing fixed-income and growth potentials consistent with risk capacity levels. Hence, advice provided is unbiased and aims to address unique needs of stock market equities, bond issues, alternative investments and private equity placements.

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